Adoption in Canada is a provincially regulated issue. In Ontario, all domestic adoptions are governed by the The Child, Youth and Family Services Act 2017 (CYFSA), part VIII. International adoption by families in Ontario is governed by the Intercountry Adoption Act.
Since 2008, all domestic adoptions in Ontario have also been subject to the Access to Adoption Records Act mandating the free disclosure of adoption information to adoptees and birth parents once the adopted child reaches the age of 18.
Most regulation is performed by the Ministry of Children and Youth Services in accordance with provincial law, ministry standards and principles of good practise. Where applicable, the Ministry also ensures that international law and the Hague convention are adhered to.
There are four types of adoption in Ontario: Private Adoption, Public Adoption, International Adoption, and Relative Adoption (including step-parent adoption).